Weight gain is simply the increase in body weight. These can result from an increase in muscle mass, fat deposit, body fluids such as water or other factors.
Sometimes, you may unintentionally gain weight without increasing your food intake or decreasing your physical activities.
Here are some factors that are seen contributing to weight gain:
Your genes may affect the amount of body fat you store, and where that fat is distributed. Genetics may also play a role in how efficiently your body converts food into energy and how your body burns calories during exercise.
Excessive weight gain such as obesity tends to run in families. If one or both of your parents are obese, your risk of being obese is increased. That’s not just because of genetics. Family members tend to share similar eating and activity habits.
If you’re not very active, you don’t burn as many calories. With a sedentary lifestyle, you can easily take in more calories every day than you burn through exercise and routine daily activities.
A diet that’s high in calories, lacking in fruits and vegetables, full of fast food, and laden with high-calorie beverages and oversized portions contributes to weight gain.
In some people, weight gain can be traced to a medical cause, such as Prader-Willi syndrome, Cushing’s syndrome and other conditions. Medical problems, such as Arthritis, also can lead to decreased activity, which may result in weight gain.
Some medications can lead to weight gain by reducing the number of calories burned or increasing appetite and also if you don’t compensate through diet or activity. These medications include some antidepressants, anti-seizure medications, Diabetes medications, antipsychotic medications, steroids and beta blockers.
Weight gain can occur at any age, even in young children. But as you age, hormonal changes and a less active lifestyle increase your risk of weight gain. In addition, the amount of muscle in your body tends to decrease with age. This lower muscle mass leads to a decrease in metabolism. These changes also reduce calorie needs, and can make it harder to keep off excess weight. If you don’t consciously control what you eat and become more physically active as you age, you’ll likely gain weight.
During pregnancy, a woman’s weight necessarily increases. Some women find this weight difficult to lose after the baby is born. This weight gain may contribute to the development of Obesity in women.
•Lack of Sleep:
Not getting enough sleep or getting too much sleep can cause changes in hormones that increase your appetite. You may also crave foods high in calories and carbohydrates, which can contribute to weight gain.
Even if you have one or more of these risk factors, it doesn’t mean that you’re destined to become overweight or obese. You can counteract most risk factors through diet, physical activity and exercise, and behavior changes.